Analysis of the current progress of the development of domestic Internet of Things
It has been more than 20 years since its introduction, but it has been valued by countries all over the world. In 2008 and 2009, countries have launched various Internet-related policies. China has also opened a milestone in the development of the Internet of Things, and listed it as the country’s five emerging strategic One of the industries. After 10 years of development, the Internet of Things is no longer at the conceptual level, but is rapidly developing and has entered the golden phase.
Especially with the rapid development and application of information communication technologies such as 5G, LoRa and NB-IoT, the Internet of Things has entered the deep connection stage of people, people and things, things and things. According to statistics, it is estimated that by 2020, the number of Internet of Things connections in China will reach 4 billion, far exceeding the 1.535 billion in 2017. By 2025, the number of Internet of Things connected to the Internet will reach 25.2 billion, much higher than the 6.3 billion in 2017, and the Internet of Things market will reach four times the current size.
Faced with such a huge market, China can spare no effort in the field of Internet of Things technology, and the entire industry is actively promoting. So, what are the characteristics of China's Internet of Things technology in the past few years? What are the problems? In the clouds, take everyone to answer them one by one.
China's Internet of Things technology has three major characteristics
As an important third information technology, Internet of Things technology is an important technology after computer technology and Internet technology. The Internet of Things technology was first proposed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1999. It began to spread in 2005 and gained rapid growth in 2009. Then, the role of computer technology, sensing technology and intelligent technology in various economic development fields is becoming more and more important.
Although China's Internet of Things technology started late in relative to foreign countries in development time, it has lagged behind developed countries in the mastery of core technologies, but now it is becoming more and more used in social life. Sharing bicycles, mobile POS machines, telephone watches, mobile vending machines and other products are practical applications of IoT technology. Internet of Things technology is also used in smart cities, smart logistics, smart agriculture, and smart transportation.
How is the development of China's Internet of Things technology
The relevant research report pointed out that China's Internet of Things technology has three major characteristics in its development. First, the ecological system has gradually improved. With the joint efforts of enterprises, universities and research institutes, China has formed a relatively complete IoT industry chain such as chips, components, equipment, software, electrical equipment operations, and Internet of Things services, which are deployed to machines based on mobile communication networks. A number of strong IoT leaders have emerged, and a number of public service platforms such as common technology research and development, inspection and testing, investment and financing, logo analysis, results transformation, talent training, and information services have been initially established.
Second, innovations are constantly emerging. China has built a number of key laboratories in the field of Internet of Things, bringing together innovative resources in multiple industries and fields, covering all aspects of IoT technology innovation. The number of IoT patent applications has increased year by year, reaching 7,872 in 2016.
The narrow-band Internet of Things leads the world and its dominance in international discourse continues to increase. At present, China's three basic telecommunications companies have launched NB-IoT (narrowband Internet of Things) network construction, which will gradually achieve nationwide coverage. In 2017, the base station scale exceeded 400,000 stations, and a number of provinces and cities have begun commercial networks. Many local governments such as Yingtan in Jiangxi and Fuzhou in Fujian have supported the development of NB-IoT and are promoting hundreds of thousands of smart water meter deployments based on NB-IoT; Tibet is trying to introduce the NB-IoT network into the yak market.
Third, the advantages of industrial clusters continue to be highlighted. China has formed four major regional development patterns, such as the Bohai Rim, the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta, and the supporting policies for Wuxi, Hangzhou and Chongqing. It has become an important base for the development of the Internet of Things, and it is important to cultivate key enterprises. Take Wuxi Demonstration Zone as an example. As of 2016, there were nearly 1,300 Internet companies with more than 150,000 employees, and a relatively complete IoT industry chain was built. The Internet of Things industry revenue exceeded 200 billion yuan.
Speeding up the continuous development of the Internet of Things requires solving three major difficulties
Some experts said that although the development of China's Internet of Things technology has achieved good results, but to accelerate and promote the sustainable development of the Internet of Things, there are still some problems to be solved, the most important are core technology, information security, product development and other aspects.
Core technologies have to be broken. The development of information technology has promoted the initial formation of Internet of Things technology. Although the development of Internet of Things technology in China is still in its infancy, there are many problems, and some key technologies are still in the initial application stage. However, the sensor access technology is urgently needed to be prioritized. And core chip technology.
Standards also need to be unified. The development of Internet of Things technology has certain dependence on Internet technology. Currently. China's Internet technology is still in the development stage, and has not yet formed a relatively complete standard system, which hinders the further development of China's Internet of Things technology to a certain extent. At present, due to the development of countries and the differences in sensing equipment technology, it is difficult to form a unified international standard, which makes it difficult to form normative standards in a short period of time.
In addition, while computer technology and Internet technology continue to work and live, they also pose certain challenges to people's information security and privacy. This kind of problem also has an important impact in the development of Internet of Things technology. The Internet of Things technology mainly acquires information through sensing technology. Therefore, if effective control measures are not taken, automatic information acquisition will be caused. At the same time, the sensing device is likely to cause no problem in the process of sensing the object due to the limitation of the recognition capability. Limiting tracking issues poses a serious threat to user privacy.
Therefore, it is necessary to establish the necessary access rights, which can be managed by the key. However, due to the homogeneity of the network, the management work has certain difficulties, which leads to certain difficulties in the security work. In addition, while continuously strengthening management and improving equipment levels, this poses a major challenge to the development cost of the Internet of Things.
However, although the Internet of Things technology has certain problems in its development, the advantages of this technology itself are very obvious. Applying IoT technology in various industries plays an important role in further obtaining timely and effective information, improving enterprise competitiveness, reducing labor costs, and obtaining greater economic benefits. The application value of current IoT technology is mainly reflected in the communication industry, smart city construction and intelligent industrial manufacturing.